Missile Technology Control Act (MTCR)

SARTHAK IAS LUCKNOW

It is a multilateral, consensus-based group of 35 member countries, who are voluntarily committed for non-proliferation of missile capable of running chemical, biological and atomic weapons of mass destruction (WMD). It controls the export of technologies and materials involved in ballistic missile systems and unmanned aerial vehicles, especially capable of carrying 500 kg payload of nuclear weapons for more than 300 km. Non-treaty co-operation of member countries with certain guidelines regarding the information sharing, national control laws and export policies for the missile system and a rule-based regulation mechanism to limit the transfer of such important technologies of these missile systems.

Missile Technology Control System: Important Facts

It was established by G-7 countries in the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Canada, Italy and Japan in April 1987. To investigate the spread of unmanned distribution systems capable of carrying over 500 kg of nuclear weapons for more than 300 kilometers, in 1992, it was extensively extended for all types of weapons of destruction. Now, there are 35 full members including India and 4 "non-followers members" - Israel, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, China is not a member of this regime, but it was verbally promised to follow its original guidelines, but not later than These non-proliferation efforts of ballistic missile systems were also strengthened by the "International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation", also called the Hague Code of Conduct (HCOC), as a system on November 25, 2002. Was established. Preventing the spread of ballistic missiles along with 136 member countries of the United Nations, including India.

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