Inter-State Water Disputes Act, 1956: Additional Simple Delays in Performance and Implementation


Many times there is an extraordinary delay in the formation of the Tribunal. For example, in the case of Godavari water dispute, in 1962 the request was made. The tribunal was formed in 1968 and was published in the Gazette in 1980. Similarly, in the Cauvery Water dispute, the Tamil Nadu government requested in 1970 to constitute Tribunal. After the intervention of the Supreme Court, the tribunal was formed in 1990. Due to delays in the formation of tribunals, State Governments continue to invest resources in construction and construction of dams, thus strengthening their claims.

Amendments to the Act in 2002

In 2002, an amendment was made in this Act by which the tribunal should be formed within one year of receiving the request. It is also mandatory that the tribunal should be given rewards within 3 years. In some situations, two years can be given. Thus, the maximum time period was 5 years in which the tribunal should be given rewards. The tribunal rewards are not implemented immediately. The concerned parties may get explanation within 3 months of the rewards. It has also been clarified that tribunal rewards will be the same force as the order or decree of the Supreme Court. This rewards is beyond the jurisdiction of the final and supreme court.

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