UPSC Optional Subjects – Choose the Best Optional Subjects for IAS
Candidates preparing for IAS exam have a huge dilemma on How to choose my optional subjects? Many aspirant have the confusion whether I need to choose my optional based on my graduation subject or I need to choose the popular optional subjects which have good success rates. Apart from this, candidates gets numerous inputs and suggestions from seniors and mentors. To address such issues we have come up with this article.
List of Optional Subjects
This is the complete list of UPSC Optional subjects for civil services main examination. You have to opt for any one subject.
- Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
- Civil Engineering
- Commerce and Accountancy
- Electrical Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Medical Science
- Political Science and International Relations
- Public Administration
- Literature of anyone the following language:Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English.
Best Optional Subjects for IAS Mains
|S. No||Optional||Number of Applicants||Success rate in 2014||Success rate in 2015||Success rate in 2016|
|1.||History||3000 +/- 50||8.3%||7.7%||6.5%|
|2.||Geography||3000 +/- 50||7.2%||5.6%||9.8%|
|3.||Public Administration||3000 +/- 50||5.1%||6.2%||5.3%|
|4.||Sociology||3000 +/- 50||9.2%||9.1%||10.6%|
|5.||Philosophy + Psychology + Political Science + Economics||2000-3000||Avg above 10%||Avg above 10%||Avg above 10%|
|6.||All other science/art subjects (in total)||1000-1500||Avg above 12%||Avg above 12%||Avg above 12%|
|7.||All Other Literature Subjects||Less than 1000||Avg above 5%||Avg above 5%||Avg above 5%|
IAS Mains Optional: Basis of Selection
- Specifically defined and comparatively small syllabus.
- Easy availability of study material.
- Interesting and short subject material.
- Scoring nature of the subject.
- Availability of experienced guidance.
- Paper-I – General Studies-I – 250 Marks – (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society).
- Paper-II – General Studies-II – 250 Marks – (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations).
- Paper-III – General Studies-III – 250 Marks – (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management).
- Paper-IV – General Studies-IV – 250 Marks – (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude).
How important is the Decision of UPSC Optional?
If the subject you took for graduation is available in the list of subjects given, in most cases the same option will turn out as a comfortable option. You can also look for an optional subject which you can finish in a time-bound manner without disturbing the time for GS preparation.
A lot of candidates choose an optional subject because it is considered as a scoring subject. The score should not be the sole criteria for making a choice. Depending on the interest of the individual, the optional subjects for IAS should be shortlisted. Based on the shortlisted subject, the candidate should take a thorough look at the syllabus of the respective optional subjects for IAS.