Saltwater Crocodiles sighted in A.P.
Context:- 2 Saltwater crocodiles have been crocodylus porosus sighted in Andhra Pradesh.
- It is indicating the migration of salt waters crocodiles from the Odisha coast-a subadut crocodiles sighted on the Machiaipatnam coast and other one on Sri Kakulam coast.
- Both crocodile are to shifted to Bhitarkanika National Park (BNP), Odisha,
- Scientist said that Chilka Lake and the Bhitar Kanika National Park were contiguous to the Andhra coas and the reasons for the presence must be scientifically investigated.
- In India the BNP, the Sundarbans and the Andaman & Nicobars Islands are the prime habitats of the saltwater crocodile.
Indian Crocodile Conservation Project:-
Indiscriminate killing of Crocodiles for commercial purpose in number/population of crocodiles and it had become a threats for crocodiles hence for curbing the killing of crocodiles and all the wildlife the wildlife (protection) Act, 1972 enacted.
The Crocodile Conservation Project was launched in 1975 in different states.
This Conservation project implemented/first in Odisha in 1975 and Magger conservation programme was initiated.
Species of Crocodiles found in India:-
Three species found in India.
- Gharical (Gavialis Gangeticus) (IUCN; Critically endangered)-(IUCN: Least Concern)
- Saltwater Crocodila (Crocodylus Palustries)
- Muggar Crocodile (Crocodylus Palustris) (IUCN Vulnerable)
IUCN:- The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) officially International Union Conservation of Nature and Natural resources.
- An International Organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
Bhitarkanika National Park:-
One of the finest biodiversity hotspot of Odisha and famous for
- Green Mangroves-(Second largest mangrove ecosystem in India)
- Migratory Birds
- Estuarine Crocodile and countless creeks
- It is the core area of Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary located in north-east of Kendrappa district in the state of Odisha in India.
- It designated as Ramsar site by UNESCO
- Bhitarkanika National Park is surrounded by Bhitarkanika Wildlife sanctuaries and Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary.